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PostPosted: Fri Apr 04, 2014 8:04 am 
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Joined: Mon Sep 10, 2012 10:51 am
Posts: 865
Some notes collated over the years....could be useful particularly to those sitting NFER/GL exams :)


The basic eight emotions are:
• Fear → feeling afraid. Other words are terror (strong fear), shock, phobia
• Anger → feeling angry. A stronger word is rage.
• Sadness → feeling sad. Other words are sorrow, grief (a stronger feeling, for example when someone has died) or depression (feeling sad for a long time). Some people think depression is a different emotion.
• Joy → feeling happy. Other words are happiness, gladness.
• Disgust → feeling something is wrong or dirty
• Trust → a positive emotion; admiration is stronger; acceptance is weaker
• Anticipation → in the sense of looking forward positively to something which is going to happen. Expectation is more neutral.
• Surprise → how one feels when something unexpected happens

List of common elements

This is a list of common elements (with atomic number).
• Aluminium (13)
• Argon (18)
• Barium (56)
• Beryllium (4)
• Boron (5)
• Bromine (35)
• Calcium (20)
• Carbon (6)
• Chlorine (17)
• Chromium (24)
• Cobalt (27)
• Copper (29)
• Fluorine (9)
• Gold (79)
• Helium (2)
• Hydrogen (1)
• Iodine (53)
• Iron (26)
• Lead (82)
• Lithium (3)
• Magnesium (12)
• Manganese (25)
• Mercury (80)
• Neon (10)
• Nickel (28)
• Nitrogen (7)
• Oxygen (8)
• Phosphorus (15)
• Platinum (78)
• Potassium (19)
• Silicon (14)
• Silver (47)
• Sodium (11)
• Sulphur (16)
• Tin (50)
• Tungsten (74)
• Zinc (30)

Animal groups


Mammals
Apes A shrewdness
Asses A pace
Badgers A cete
Bats A colony
Bears A sloth, sleuth
Buffalo A gang, an obstinacy (I suspect these refer to old world buffalo; use "herd" for American bison)
Cats A clowder, a pounce; for kittens...A kindle, litter, an intrigue
Cattle A drove, herd
Deer A herd, bevy (refers only to roe deer)
Dogs A litter (young), pack (wild), cowardice (of curs); specific to hounds...A cry, mute, pack, kennel
Elephants A herd
Elk A gang
Ferrets A business
Fox A leash, skulk, earth
Giraffes A tower
Goats A tribe, trip
Gorillas A band
Hippopotamuses A bloat
Horses A team, harras, rag (for colts), - (a group of horses belonging to a single owner, string (ponies)
Hyenas A cackle
Kangaroos A troop
Leopards A leap
Lions A pride
Martens A richness
Moles A labor
Monkeys A troop, barrel
Mules A pack, span, barren
Otters A romp
Oxen A team, yoke
Pigs A drift, drove, litter (young), sounder (of swine), team, passel (of hogs), singular (refers to a group of boars)
Porcupines A prickle
Rabbits A colony, warren, nest, herd (domestic only), litter (young); specific to hares...A down, husk
Rhinoceroses A crash
Seals A pod, herd
Sheep A drove, flock, herd
Squirrels A dray, scurry
Tigers A streak
Whales A pod, gam, herd
Wolves A pack, rout or route (when in movement)
________________________________________
Birds
Birds in general A flight (in the air), flock (on the ground), volary, brace (generally for gamebirds or waterfowl, referring to a pair or couple killed by a hunter)
Bitterns A sedge
Buzzards A wake
Bobolinks A chain
Chicks (of many species) A brood; clutch
Coots A cover
Cormorants A gulp
Cranes A sedge
Crows A murder, horde
Dotterel A trip
Doves A dule, pitying (specific to turtle doves)
Ducks A brace, flock (in flight), raft (on water) team, paddling (on water), badling
Eagles A convocation
Finches A charm
Flamingos A stand
Geese A flock, gaggle (on the ground), skein (in flight)
Grouse A pack (in late season)
Gulls A colony
Hawks A cast, kettle (flying in large numbers), boil (two or more spiraling in flight)
Herons A sedge, a siege
Jays A party, scold
Lapwings A deceit
Larks An exaltation
Mallards A sord (in flight), brace
Magpies A tiding, gulp, murder, charm
Nightingales A watch
Owls A parliament
Parrots A company
Partridge A covey
Peacocks A muster, an ostentation
Penguins A colony
Pheasant A nest, nide (a brood), nye, bouquet
Plovers A congregation, wing (in flight)
Ptarmigans A covey
Rooks A building
Quail A bevy, covey
Ravens An unkindness
Snipe A walk, a wisp
Sparrows A host
Starlings A murmuration
Storks A mustering
Swallows A flight
Swans A bevy, wedge (in flight)
Teal A spring
Turkeys A rafter, gang
Widgeons A company
Woodcocks A fall
Woodpeckers A descent
________________________________________
Reptiles and Amphibians
Crocodiles A bask
Frogs An army
Toads A knot
Turtles A bale, nest
Snakes, vipers A nest
________________________________________
Fish
Fish in general A draft, nest, school, shoal (some authors claim that the common "school" is a corruption of shoal, and therefore incorrect)
Bass A shoal
Herring An army
Sharks A shiver
Trout A hover
________________________________________
Invertebrates
Ants A colony
Bees A grist, hive, swarm
Caterpillars An army
Clams A bed
Cockroaches An intrusion
Flies A business
Gnats A cloud, horde
Grasshoppers A cloud
Hornets A nest
Jellyfish A smack
Locusts A plague
Oysters A bed

Colour
Name of Colour
Amaranth

Amber

Apricot

Aquamarine

Azure

Baby blue

Beige

Black

Blue

Blue-green

Blue-violet

Bronze

Brown

Byzantium

Carmine

Cerise

Cerulean

Champagne

Chartreuse green

Chocolate

Coffee

Copper

Coral

Crimson

Cyan

Desert sand

Electric blue

Erin

Gold

Gray

Green

Harlequin

Indigo

Ivory

Jade

Jungle green

Lavender

Lemon

Military ranks

Navies Armies Air forces

Officers

Admiral of the fleet
Marshal /
field marshal
Marshal of
the Air Force

Admiral
General
Air marshal

Commodore
Brigadier
Air commodore

Captain
Colonel
Group captain

Commander
Lieutenant colonel
Wing commander

Lieutenant
commander
Major /
commandant
Squadron
leader

Lieutenant
Captain
Flight lieutenant

Sub-lieutenant
Lieutenant
Flying officer

Ensign
2nd lieutenant
Pilot officer

Midshipman
Officer cadet
Officer cadet

Seamen, soldiers and airmen

Warrant officer
Sergeant major
Warrant officer

Petty officer
Sergeant
Sergeant

Leading seaman
Corporal
Corporal

Seaman
Private
Aircraftman


o 1.1 Argentina
o 1.2 Australia
o 1.3 Bangladesh
o 1.4 Belgium
o 1.5 Bosnia and Herzegovina
o 1.6 Brazil
o 1.7 Canada
o 1.8 People's Republic of China
o 1.9 Colombia
o 1.10 Croatia
o 1.11 Cuba
o 1.12 Denmark
o 1.13 Egypt
o 1.14 Estonia
o 1.15 Finland
o 1.16 France
o 1.17 Germany
o 1.18 Greece
o 1.19 Hungary
o 1.20 India
o 1.21 Indonesia
o 1.22 Iran
o 1.23 Iraq
o 1.24 Ireland
o 1.25 Israel
o 1.26 Italy
o 1.27 Japan
o 1.28 Jordan
o 1.29 Lebanon
o 1.30 Lithuania
o 1.31 Malaysia
o 1.32 Mexico
o 1.33 Netherlands
o 1.34 New Zealand
o 1.35 Nicaragua
o 1.36 North Korea
o 1.37 Norway
o 1.38 Pakistan
o 1.39 Peru
o 1.40 Poland
o 1.41 Portugal
o 1.42 Romania
o 1.43 Russia
o 1.44 Saudi Arabia

Industry types

Administration

Assembly

Automotive

Aviation

Casting

Construction

Dairies

Central Government

Engineering

Environmental Engineering

Food Processing

Furniture Manufacture

Healthcare

Local Government

Manufacturing

NHS Primary Care Trusts
NHS Hospital Trusts

Printing

Retail

Road Building

Site Installation

Site maintenance

Smelting

Social Services

Transport & Distribution

Utilities

Warehousing

Waste Management


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