Group intelligence tests requiring recognition of similarities, analogies and patterns in unfamiliar designs, are referred to as non-verbal reasoning (NVR) tests. Like verbal reasoning tests, NVR tests are comprised of a variety of item types, including series completion, codes and analogies. However, unlike verbal reasoning tests, none of the question types requires learned knowledge for its solution.
http://www.nfer.ac.uk/nfer/index.cfm?20 ... F32480C310
In my experience you do need to teach the techniques but brighter (whatever that means
) children seem to learn quicker, remember more and beat me in timed tests.
So I guess in a way it does help predict which kids will be able "learn" more and pass exams.